The Core Difference between LVT Flexible and Rigid / Multi-Layered Flooring

Freeman Schwabe and schoen+sandt, have supplied the majority of the leading USA and Global floor covering manufacturers with cutting presses & systems for carpet tiles, luxury vinyl tiles & planks.

 Since July 2018 Freeman Schwabe and schoen+sandt machinery are both members of the International Cutting Group (ICG).

Booth Final FloorTek

 

FloorTek-Logo-2019-216

Evolution of Flexible LVT to Rigid Core LVT / Multi-Layered Flooring

Understanding the LVT Flooring Market

Map LVT Evolution

“Traditional” Vinyl: uses PVC as a base material that makes a flexible product that can be easily laid down on a floor and printed. Products include sheet vinyl, vinyl tile and vinyl composition tile (VCT).

“Flexible” LVT was really the first mover in the LVT category but the product was prone to telegraphing (imperfections below the surface telegraphing through) and “movement” when subject to heat/cold.

Rigid Core LVT / MLF: Multi Layered Flooring. The layers in a MLF product are slightly different from the flexible products and are typically thicker. These MLFs are also deemed “rigid core” LVT as the core (which can be a WPC core or an SPC core) makes the product rigid.

Extracts from: STIFEL_Building_Products_IndNote_2018-09-04.pdf.pdf

FLEXIBLE LVT FLOORING 

Layers of LVT Flexible Flooring

Layers of LVT Flexible Flooring

 

RIGID CORE LVT FLOORING

Rigid Core

WPC: Wood Plastic Composite.

USFloors (now owned by Shaw Industries, a Berkshire company) is given credit for originating this segment of MLF with its product named COREtec which originally had a wood dust fiber core (somewhat similar to laminate flooring).

In fact, relatively few WPC products use wood fiber today and the WPC name lives on in name only with the “W” now standing for waterproof. 

SPC: Solid Polymer Core. 

This is similar to WPC however the core layers do not contain any foam or air bubbles, making the product more rigid and denser.

Typically the product has a greater mineral content in its core which adds to the rigidity, weight and thickness of the product. 

Extracts from: STIFEL_Building_Products_IndNote_2018-09-04.pdf.pdf

SPC/Rigid Core LVT Layers 

There are different raw materials in the different layers that make up an LVT floor. 

The wear layer is clear and made with vinyl. 

Beneath it is the design layer which is a printed pattern or design on a piece of paper. Below this is a core. 

The key to an LVT core is that it does not have wood fiber like the typical core of a laminate board but has a 100% waterproof core that includes resins, plasticizers, and limestone. 

In the case of a flexible LVT product, the vinyl core is softer or flexible and uses more plasticizers than rigid products. 

In the case of a WPC board, the core has limestone but only 25% PVC and the core is injected with a foaming agent that expands the core and gives it a less dense and thus softer core. 

In the case of the SPC cores, a 50% mix of PVC content and more limestone combined with no foaming agent leaves a denser, heavier and harder core. 

SPC/Rigid Core LVT Layers

SPC Rigid Core

Source: Armstrong Flooring 


Manufacturing LVT?

Visit Freeman Schwabe at FloorTek Booth #216

or

Contact us NOW +1 513 947 2888

sales@freemanschwabe.com

FloorTek-Logo-2019-216

Booth Final FloorTek

This entry was posted in Floor Covering, Floor Covering manufacturing Equipment, Flooring, Floortek, FloorTekEXPO, Luxury Floor Tiles cutting press, Luxury Vinyl Tiles, Schwabe Die Cutting and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s